Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2016
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements Disclosure and Significant Accounting Policies [Text Block]
NOTE 1:                      BASIS OF PRESENTATION

a.           Company:

Arotech Corporation ("Arotech") and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (the "Company") provide defense and security products for the military, law enforcement, emergency services and homeland security markets, including advanced zinc-air and lithium batteries and chargers, and multimedia interactive simulators/trainers. The Company operates primarily through its wholly-owned subsidiaries FAAC Incorporated, a Michigan corporation located in Ann Arbor, Michigan (Training and Simulation Division) with locations in Royal Oak, Michigan and Orlando, Florida; Epsilor-Electric Fuel Ltd. ("Epsilor-EFL"), an Israeli corporation located in Beit Shemesh, Israel (between Jerusalem and Tel-Aviv) in Dimona, Israel (in Israel's Negev desert area) and Sderot, Israel (near the Gaza Strip) (Power Systems Division); UEC Electronics, LLC ("UEC"), a South Carolina limited liability company located in Hanahan, South Carolina (Power Systems Division).

b.           Basis of presentation:

The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by Arotech Corporation in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information, with the instructions to Form 10-Q and with Article 10 of Regulation S-X, and include the accounts of Arotech Corporation and its subsidiaries. Certain information and footnote disclosures, normally included in complete financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, have been condensed or omitted. In the opinion of the Company, the unaudited financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation of its financial position at June 30, 2016, its operating results for the six and three month periods ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, and its cash flows for the six month periods ended June 30, 2016 and 2015.

The results of operations for the six and three months ended June 30, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full fiscal year ending December 31, 2016.

The balance sheet at December 31, 2015 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.

c.           Goodwill and other long-lived assets:

Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested for impairment at least annually and between annual tests in certain circumstances, and written down when impaired. Goodwill is tested for impairment by comparing the fair value of the Company's reporting units with their carrying value. The Training and Simulation and the Power Systems reporting units have goodwill.  

As of its last annual impairment test as of December 31, 2015, the Company determined that the goodwill for both reporting units was not impaired.  

In concluding that goodwill for the Company's Power Systems reporting unit was not impaired at December 31, 2015, the Company determined the fair value of the reporting unit using a discounted cash flow model ("DCF model").  The DCF model includes projections of future cash flows and assumptions in relation to future short-term and long-term growth rates and weighted average cost of capital ("WACC").  Inherent in the valuation at December 31, 2015, were key variables, including the WACC and the terminal growth rates of approximately 12% and 3%, respectively. With all other assumptions remaining constant, if either the WACC increased by 0.5% or the terminal growth rate decreased by 0.5%, the Company may have determined that proceeding to step 2 of the impairment analysis, as indicated in ASC 350-10, was necessary.

Consistent with previous interim reporting periods, the Company monitors qualitative and quantitative factors, including internal projections, periodic forecasts, and actual results of the reporting unit.  Based upon this interim review, the Company does not believe that goodwill or its indefinite-lived intangible assets attributable to the Power Systems reporting unit are impaired.

d.           Reclassification:

Certain comparative data in these financial statements may have been reclassified to conform to the current year's presentation.

e.           Contingencies

The Company is from time to time involved in legal proceedings and other claims. The Company is required to assess the likelihood of any adverse judgments or outcomes to these matters, as well as potential ranges of probable losses. The Company has not made any material changes in the accounting methodology used to establish its self-insured liabilities during the past three fiscal years.

A determination of the amount of reserves required, if any, for any contingencies is made after careful analysis of each individual issue. The required reserves may change due to future developments in each matter or changes in approach, such as a change in the settlement strategy in dealing with any contingencies, which may result in higher net loss.

f.            Certain relationships and related transactions

1. Related party loans: On February 9, 2000, one of the Company's former officers exercised 9,404 stock options. This former officer paid the exercise price of the stock options and certain taxes that the Company paid on his behalf by giving the Company a non-recourse promissory note due in 2025 in the amount of $329,163, bearing annual interest at 1% over the then-current federal funds rate announced from time to time by the Wall Street Journal, secured by the shares of the Company's common stock acquired through the exercise of the options and certain compensation due to this officer upon termination. As of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the aggregate amount outstanding pursuant to this promissory note was $482,461 and $452,995, respectively. Additionally, there is a former employee with the same arrangement with an outstanding promissory note of $455,059.

2. Consulting agreement with Sampen Corporation: The Company has a second amended and restated consulting agreement with Sampen Corporation that it executed in November 2014. Sampen is a New York corporation owned by members of the immediate family of one of the Company's officers, and this officer is an employee of both the Company and of Sampen. The original term of this consulting agreement was through December 31, 2017.

Pursuant to the terms of the Company's amended and restated agreement with Sampen, Sampen provided one of its employees to the Company for such employee to serve as the Company's President and Chief Executive Officer. The Company paid Sampen $8,960 per month, plus an annual bonus, on a sliding scale, in an amount equal to a minimum of 25% of Sampen's annual base compensation then in effect if the results the Company actually attains for the year in question are 100% or more of the amount the Company budgeted at the beginning of the year, up to a maximum of 75% of Sampen's annual base compensation then in effect if the results the Company actually attains for the year in question are 110% or more of the amount the Company budgeted at the beginning of the year. The Company also paid Sampen, to cover the cost of the Company's use of Sampen's offices as an ancillary New York office and the attendant expenses and insurance costs, an amount equal to 16% of each monthly payment of base compensation.

The Company terminated the Sampen consulting agreement effective June 30, 2016.

3. Consulting agreement with Admiralty Partners: On February 3, 2016, the Company entered into a consulting agreement with Admiralty Partners, a business controlled by a member of the Board of Directors, for a period of three years. In exchange, the Company will pay an annual fee equal to the difference between total accrued compensation of the Board member and $125,000. The agreement can be terminated by either party upon sufficient written notice. 

g.            Accounting for stock-based compensation:

For the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, the compensation expense recorded related to restricted stock units and restricted shares was $156,680 and $175,721, respectively.  For the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 the compensation expense recorded related to restricted stock units and restricted shares was $273,486 and $334,595, respectively. The remaining total compensation cost related to share awards not yet recognized in the statements of comprehensive income as of June 30, 2016 was $531,952. The weighted average period over which this compensation cost is expected to be recognized is approximately one and one-half years. Income tax expense was not impacted since the Company is in a net operating loss position.

Additionally, on February 2, 2016, the Company and an investor (the "Investor") entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement (the "Investment Agreement") providing for the sale to the Investor of a total of 1,500,000 shares of the Company's common stock at a price valued at $1.99 per share. As the Investor was also given the right to nominate a member of the Board of Directors pursuant to the terms of the Investment Agreement, and the shares were issued at a discount to the then market price, this resulted in additional stock compensation expense of $375,000 recorded in general and administrative expenses in the condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income.

h.           Anti-dilutive shares for EPS calculation

All contingent and non-vested restricted stock and non-vested restricted stock units have been excluded from the calculation of the basic earnings per common share because all such securities do not participate in losses for the periods presented and have been excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per common share as the effect would be anti-dilutive. The Company has excluded any restricted stock or restricted stock units that will never vest under the current program. The total weighted average number of shares related to the outstanding options and warrants excluded from the calculations of basic and diluted net income per share for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 were 1,050,144 and 1,015,654, respectively.